About UjjainAlso known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri, is an ancient city of Malwa region in central India, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. Today it’s a part of Madhya Pradesh. It is the administrative centre of Ujjain District and Ujjain Division. In ancient times the city was called Ujjayini. As mentioned in the Mahabharata epic, Ujjayini was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom, and has been the Prime Meridian for Hindu geographers since the 4th century BCE. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities (Sapta Puri) of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every 12 years.
It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva and is also the place where Lord Krishna got education with Balarama and Sudama from Maharshi Sandipani. Ujjain is a very holy city for the Hindus, and a site for the triennial Kumbh Mela, Ujjain gets its sanctity, from a mythological tale, about the churning of the oceans, by the gods and demons, in search of the nectar of Immortality. When the coveted vessel of nectar was finally found, there followed a mad scramble across the skies, with the demons pursuing the gods, in an attempt to take the nectar from them. Four drops were spilt,and they fell at Haridwar, Nasik, Ujjain and Prayag. As a result, Ujjain is one of the sites of the Kumbh Mela, which takes place here ,every 12 years. Apart from mythological legends, Ujjain represents an interesting blend of an age-old legacy and the modern day lifestyle,with a long and distinguished history, governed by the likes of Vikramaditya, and Ashoka, who wrote his soul stirring poetry here. Ujjain is situated on the Malwa Plateau in Central India. The soil is black and stony. The vegetation is typical of arid regions with thorny trees like babul and acacia dominating the landscape. Soybean, wheat, jowar and bajra are the main crops grown.
Holy City Ujjain